A disease that spills over to the chronic form, damage to the spinal discs and cartilage is called osteochondrosis. Begins to develop 25 to 30 years, generally, a chronic course, sometimes closer to 40 years. Lower back pain is one of the most common causes of back pain.
What is osteochondrosis
This term refers to a disease that affects the tissues of the spine. Over time, the spine compresses and crushes the discs. Ezek necessary the disks strengthening and mobility of the vertebrae. The dimensions of the intervertebral discs change, not enough power, and cease their duties. An advanced stage of osteoarthritis is a can cause herniation back or spinal curvature. Often a disease becomes, because of the disability.
The real, because such a disease, osteochondrosis is unknown mint to the doctors, but there are these factors, the development of the disease, for example:
- You were born with and the grass is getting a spinal due to frequent drops, impacts.
- Bad genetics, diseases, a spine, a family.
- Older age, overweight.
- Flat feet, posture, and other diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
- The metabolic disorder.
- Sedentary and atrophied muscles.
- Sudden movements or too much strain on muscles, bones, asymmetrical movements during the training, the work or.
- Unbalanced diet, Smoking, drugs or alcohol.
- Adverse environmental conditions — high humidity, low temperature and poor environment.
- A wear a high shoes, high heel shoes.
This is just the basic factors that affect the development in the course of a disease. A disease occurs in people engaged in heavy physical work. For example, weightlifters, movers, gymnasts, or builders. Constant stress, lack of exercise, and diet, to a development because of such as osteochondrosis diseases of a spine.
Osteochondrosis of a spine, the adults and the classification
A disease may begin in adolescence, when a spine has simply not had time to grow. But with the passage of time this problem disappears. The children move a lot, exercise and a balanced diet, high vitamin content will help you to forget the lower back pain.
But adults, that's different. Osteochondrosis of a spine in adults with age-related changes, i.e., improper nutrition, or placing cartilage, bone. The intervertebral discs of an adult different structure, their own blood vessels, so they get food and oxygen to other tissues. To provide cartilage nutrition is the main task of a fight with a osteoarthritis. It's just an doing exercises, you're right back to the muscle groups. This will help, physical therapy, massage, and a high nutrition.
According to scientists in the usa, the incidence is increasing every year.
Osteochondrosis of a spine, the adults in the United States detected more than 30% of the population, and this number is growing every year. It seems more often the men who or, rather, the sedentary lifestyle, or heavy physical work. In russia, the numbers are even sadder. More than 50% of the adult population can't work because of problems with the nervous system, and musculoskeletal system.
Pain in the back, neck, head, reduce the desire to the life. The person will be passive, excitable. Common in depression, accompanied by deterioration of health. Usually lower back pain number of comorbidities, such as chronic emotional stress, migraine, diseases of the circulatory system.
The spine degenerative disc disease: symptoms, diagnosis
This disease symptoms are clearly expressed, is hard to confuse anyone.
A little early, osteochondrosis it is necessary to note only some of the main signs they're looking for skilled help.
4 types of disease: cervical, lumbar, chest, or joint, you have more space in a spinal column.
The symptoms depending on a little different view:
- A lumbar degenerative disease is characterized by disc to an ongoing lower back pain that sometimes takes place, but is often replaced by acute seizures.
- Back pain may increase during exercise or sudden movements.
- The Most common pain changes a shooter. It may be a radiation of the pelvic organs, pelvis, and feet.
- The sensitivity of a leg partially broken, but a completely advanced form disappears.
- A strong leaning to The man, it turns out, a test, the patient tries to maintain the same posture, don't deliver you unpleasant.
The symptoms of a degenerative cervical disc disease is somewhat different:
- There are often a headache that you don't mist to go after applying the pain, aggravated on turning the head, bending.
- The patient may feel very dizzy when moving head.
- The pain in the neck ad back, arms, chest.
- Often there is deterioration of vision, hearing, before an eye appears in the sense spots, it's hard to concentrate, with an eye to any object.
- You may feel numbness of the tongue, as well as a noticeable change in the sound.
Thoracic degenerative disc disease is often mistaken for a tie appearance, but there are some things very specific:
- Maybe he's sick of the pain in the chest, shoulders, arms.
- When over-cooling occurs to a significant deterioration of the pain increases at night or when exercising.
- Often hard to take a deep breathe, chest, mint, if narrow.
- Appear on the skin tingling or burning, quickly-about the cold feet and hands.
- Pain worse when walking fast or running.
In order to make the diagnosis, the doctor will examine the patient in different positions — standing, lying, sitting, movement, and the other. So, a consultation it is important to be honest to talk about the complaint, even if the pain is a little worse when you're a cough, a sneeze. That's it, you can affect an additional, diagnosis. Confirm That, or on the contrary refute it, to a the presence of a disease, prescribe a number of additional hardware research. One of the most popular type of MRI, x-ray, and computed tomography.
The spine degenerative disc disease, symptoms, which often helps identify the different diseases, such as kyphosis, herniated disc and protrusion of discs, to determine, you need to the doctor.
It is not necessary to heal, and to postpone a visit to the doctor indefinitely. It affects not only the presence of back pain, but life is full of.
Osteochondrosis of a spine: medical treatment, surgical
Therapy-this is a dangerous disease divided into 2 types — a conservative, you don't mind a surgical procedure. Treatment is a Choice just advanced, the patient is often necessary, several consult a doctor — neurologist, surgeon, traumatologist.
More advanced form of the disease cease to be, just the surgery. Next, we need a conservative treatment, which helps to restore a test. The postoperative period includes massage, physiotherapy, and diet.
Often the doctor prescribes, a recognition that such diseases, mint osteochondrosis, treatment, drugs. This is a combined with a diet that includes the ration more minerals, vitamins. High consumption of vitamin drugs is necessary, that there was no negative effect on bone, the cardiovascular system, the gastro-intestinal tract.
Treatment of osteochondrosis using medicine can include several types:
- The use of analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs.
- Antispasmodic compound.
- A blood, a micro-circulation.
- Preparation for the restoration of a cartilage.
But don't rely solely on medications. Often this is a "passive" treatment does not bring the desired result, sometimes useless method. It is important not to just wait to take care to improve your health, you don't mind a physical form. Even the advanced patients has enabled a number of physical exercises for muscle tone increase, as well as a improve blood circulation.
Conservative treatment always consists of several procedures, for example:
- Manual therapy the massage.
- Physiotherapy medical devices.
- The balanced diet, a job, mental condition, in the case of a stress.
In many cases, the patients will help you physiotherapy treatment, massage, manual therapy. Most try medical treatment without drugs, like the medicines are not only fun, but also because of some damage to the body.
Massage, manual therapy
Often patients are sent to treatment chiropractors. But this is just the prevention of disease, or is a great way to reduce acute attacks of pain. The procedure should only be performed by experienced professionals. Often the patients are recommended to undergo a course, a massage, or even acupuncture. The choice of a masseuse should be treated with extreme caution as any wrong move can cause pain, and spinal cord injury.
Acupuncture helps normalize hormonal balance, relieve pain, spasm, the sound restore the muscles.
To increase the effectiveness of massage, medicines you practice. But let us remember that we need to need to carry out regularly without fanaticism. Also during exercise, a fit of illness. First, you need to be a lot of remove annoyance. A special exercises should be chosen to be a doctor, depend on this from the stage of the disease. But most often it is the simple gymnastics of movements without any sudden movements.
Physical therapy helps relieve pain, muscle strengthening frame, and then remove the cramps. Methods, massage, physical therapy often provides the opportunity to distract the attention of the drug use.
This is an important part of the procedure, a treatment. The patient in the postoperative period, as a supplement or the basic treatment appoint the following types of therapy:
- Shock-wave method.
- Magneto therapy.
- The laser treatment.
- Detensor or traction of the spine.
All methods actually have a positive effect on the body, but that ezek the procedures prescribed under medical supervision.
Treatment of folk remedies
To relieve the excruciating pain of cramps can be and traditional methods. For example, rubbing various herbs, roots, wool or bee venom.
Many folk remedies can be used internally no problem, externally — rubbing, compression, as well as a bath. But you should know you're not Allergic to some components. Special attention should be paid to the raster time, as well as ointments based on toxic plants. In addition, some plants are able to reduce the effect of the drug. It is important to consult a specialist before combining the main treatment.
The rubbing of an application, or give a warming effect which is the blood flow to a damaged discs.
Sheep or dog hair to relieve pain, cramps, swelling. Well, warm up a sore spot. A warm up to lower back pain helps make an application to a kerosene and soap. This should moisten a natural material, the kerosene, wring out and soap it. The material should be applied to the skin, and will be warm for a scarf. Leave for 1-2 hours, a bandage must be removed, any discomfort.
Salt — here it is, out of what should be in the first place, a presence of degenerative disc disease. But it is important to gradually reduce this product. How to eliminate the diet, coffee, soda too sweet food. Overweight we recommend that you remove the bread, regular bread, or instead of muffins bran was replaced by biscuits.
A main part of the diet consists of animal proteins — meat, poultry, fish, milk, eggs. About the fruits and vegetables should not be forgotten. A lot of the vitamin is found in a cabbage, peppers, carrots, celery, parsley added! Purchased mayonnaise and sunflower oil it is better to get out of the trade of olive oil, a few tablespoons of lemon juice.
To restore the cartilage tissue, it is important to consume vitamins, C -, D -, B -, calcium -, magnesium, manganese. It contains large quantities of available products, particular cheese, salad, sea fish, or the butter, the local. A patient must give a high intake of calcium in addition to magnesium is, contrary to a calcium case is not absorbed, and then out of a leach bones, which will adversely affect the progress of the treatment.
If they don't every disease, that causes the complications. Low back pain can develop sciatica, a hernia, high blood pressure, as well as the intercostal neuralgia.
A more serious consequences — stroke, heart attack, or inflammation of a sciatic nerve. One of the most dangerous complications compression of a vertebral arteries. They deliver They the book release oxygen without a high risk of problems from the circulatory system, hearing, vision.
To avoid this disease need regular exercise — yoga, swimming, running.
Care for a tall posture, and a chair with a rigid backrest that will support a back straight. An excellent prevention will be a special massage mattress.
Try not to carry heavy a weight I can handle asymmetric exercises, when training.
Select the high shoes a Shoe shock-absorbing sole.
Food is important so a fight with a degenerative disc disease, so stick to a high diet one of the most important rules.